Nucleotides
What DNA is composed of
DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid
Pivot
Top of neck, base of skull
Ball and socket
Shoulder
Gliding
Wrist
Hinge
Knee
Where red marrow is found
Humerus and hip bones
Function of red marrow
Produce blood cells
Joint
Two bones come together to form a
Ligaments
Hold bones together at movable joints
Chemical recycling of bacteria
Bioremediation --sewer treatment--clean oil spillsCan be used in war (anthrax)
Mutation
Change in the order of nucleotides during replication
Transcription
DNA converted to single-stranded RNA molecule
Arthritis
Joints become swollen, stiff, and sore
Osteoporosis
Bones become thinner and more porous
Spirochetes
Spiral shaped bacteria
Cardiac muscle
Muscle in the heart
Anatomy
Study of the structure of an organism and it's parts
Neuron
Nerve cell
Voluntary muscle
Can be controlled
Multiple systems working together
Organism
Skin, hair, nails
Integumentary system
Translation
Converts Nucleic acid into amino acid
Study of what structures do, and how they do it
Physiology
Single layer of flat, thin cells that are good for the transfer of CO2 and oxygen between your blood and air you breathe
Microscopic air sacs within the lungs
Hold together and support other tissues
Function of connective tissue
Secrete mucus to trap dust before it enters the lungs
Windpipe- epithelial tissue
Smooth surface, air can flow quickly into the lungs
Narrow airways- epithelial tissue
Causes of mutation
Substitution, insertion, deletion
Consists of several organs that together perform a specific task
Organ
Cushion, insulate, and connect organs
Function of connective tissue
Hormones
Signal molecules released by glands into the bloodstream
Consists of several organs together that perform a vital body function
Organ system
Are bones living tissue?
Yes
Human uses of bacteria- food
Sour creamButtermilkCheese
Archae
ExtremophilesHarsh conditions
Cartilage
Type of connective tissue that's softer than bone
Codon
Three base sequence
Purines
Guanine and adenine
Pyrimidines
Thymine and cytosine
Prokaryotic
Archae and Bacteria
Homeostasis
The internal stability maintained by your body
Cocci
Spherical shaped bacteria
Actin and myosin
Two proteins found in sarcomeres
Sarcomere
Muscle fibers basic unit of action, the unit that contracts
Myofribrils
Smaller units of bundles in muscle fibers
Tendon
Attaches muscle to a bone
Three parts of a nucleotide
Nitrogenous base, sugar, phosphate
Bacteriophage
Virus that infects and replicates within bacteria
Bacilli
Rod shaped bacteria
Binary fission
Bacterial reproduction
Prokaryotic diseases
TuberculosisStrep throatLyme diseaseSyphilis Pneumonia
Defense against bacteria
Hygiene SkinMucousWBCsAntibioticsVaccines
Structure of virus
Encases viral DNA, injects its DNA into host, does nothing but make more viruses
Viral diseases
AIDSHIV
Defense against viruses
Vaccine
Cell wall structure
Determines which antibiotic to use after Gram staining
Kidneys, rectum
Urinary
WBCs
Immune
Vertebrae
Bones that make up spinal cord
Function of skeletal system
Maintain body's shapeProtect soft organsProvide attachment sites for musclesFramework
Integumentary system
Our skin
Hormones
Trigger certain responses in certain places of the body
Dermis
Skin layer beneath the epidermis, gives skin it's elasticity
Epidermis
Outermost layer of skin made of mostly dead cells
Stomach, small/large intestine
Digestive
Bones
Skeletal
Veins, arteries
Circulatory
Butt, pecs
Muscular
Lungs, trachea
Respiratory
Nerves, brain
Nervous
Spleen, blood vessels
Lymphatic
Hypothalamus, pituary gland
Endocrine
Keratin
What protein is hair composed of
Bacterial structure
Have a cell wall containing peptidoglycan Pili to clingFlagella to move
Skeletal muscle
Type of muscle that helps us move
One gene, one polypeptide
Each gene controls the production of a specific enzyme
Language of DNA
Codons, triplets of bases
Amino acids
Where are the proteins made
Bacteria
Introns absent (part of DNA that codes for proteins)
Complimentary base pairs
Each base has its own partner
Hypodermis
Tissue layer that contains fat and blood vessels
Watson and Crick
Discovered structure of DNA